Fukuoka-ken : The Short Summary Of Fukuoka Prefecture
Fukuoka Prefecture is located on the north-east part in Kyushu island so its coast lines along to the Ariake Sea connecting to East China Sea, Japan Sea and the Inland Sea Of Japan (Seto Inland Sea), so many people have passed by seas, therefore it has played the important roles on international exchange for over 2000 years. Besides, people could enjoy comfortable mild climate to live in Fukuoka Prefecture in all seasons. Now Fukuoka Prefecture is the center of domestic area including Kyushu and western Honshu such as Yamaguchi Prefecture with a 15 million population, and also continues to play the central part of the Asia.
Fukuoka prefecture is geographically close to Korea and China, so Korean and Chinese culture and technology has reached to Fukuoka the first in Japan. rice cultivation of course first reached there in Yayoi Period.
According to The Record of Japan in the History of Wei, there were small states in Fukuoka around the 3rd century. A gold seal found by a farmer at Shiganoshima Island in Edo period, it might point out that Na koku Island had been there in ancient ages. Therefore some said that Yamataikoku, the origin of Yamato Court, and the Queen Himiko written in The Record of Japan in the History of Weimight be there in northern Kyushu. Anyway the area around Fukuoka Prefecture in ancient ages was very flourished on cultural, industrial and political fields.
The early years in the era of the Emperor Tenji, the Emperor built Dazaifu to control the army in Kyushu to protect Japan from Silla in Korea and Tang in China as it was after the lost of the Battle of Hakusonko (Kim River). Dazaifu was the governmental office served as the international affairs. Tabito Otomo, Okura Yamanoue and Michizana Sugawara once worked at Dazaifu as the Chief Officer. In Kamakura period, Kamakura Shogunate sent Chinzei Bugyo (the Commissioner of Kyushu) to command samurai worriers (Gokenins or shogunal retainers) in Kyushu, and Muromachi Shogunate sent Chinzei Tandai (sometimes called Kyushu Tandai; the Commissioner of Kyushu), too, So Fukuoka is very closed to Korea and China, sometimes they tried to invade. Accordingly in some written records in Japan, in 1019, the pirates looked like Juchens attacked and invaded to Iki and Tsushima province. In 1274 and 1281, Mongolian Expeditions against Japan had occurred. So Kamakura Shogunate sent. On the other hands, such closed distance to those countries has given the fair geographical conditions to trade. Kiyomori Taira, the Grand Minister, constructed Sodeno Minato Port to trading with Sung in China, the port has helped the activities of the merchants in Hakata and Hakata became one of the biggest largest trading canter in Japan.
In Edo period, Kuroda clan controlled the regions of Fukuoka prefecture. Kuroda clan named their castle town Fukuoka, so the prefectural name was named after it.
Fukuoka prefecture was originally united 3 classic administrative districts in Japan, in 7th century, Chikuzen, Chikugo and a part of Buzen province were there now in Fukuoka prefecture. After Meiji Restoration, the classical districts were rebuilt, and a new administrative district 'Fukuoka' was created in April 18th of 1876.
There are many landmarks in Fukuoka prefecture, Dazaifu Temmangu Shrine, Ruins of Dazaifu Government Office, Akizuki Castle Ruins, Mt. Hikosan, Hakata's famous “Yatai” (food stalls) , Yahata Steel Works (the World heritage), Moji Port Retro Area, Yanagawa and so on.
Why don't you visit Kyushu prefecture?
Visit A Dental Office In Fukuoka Prefecture
Visit A City In Fukkuoka Prefecture